Global Bull Market is Not Over; Non-US Outperformance Has Barely Begun – ETF Trends

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Global Bull Market is Not Over Non-US Outperformance Has Barely Begun

By Rod Smyth, RiverFront Investment Group

Non-US stock markets have now outperformed the US for three consecutive quarters. The following questions dominate those we are being asked:

  1. After a strong year, are we due a correction and if I have cash, should I invest now or wait?
  2. Is it too late to allocate more money to international?

Taking the second question first, let’s look at the relative performance of Developed and Emerging stock markets to the US.

In the chart below, we show the relative performance of Developed markets outside North America relative to the US (the blue line) and the same for Emerging Markets (the red line) over the last 20 years. You can immediately see that there have been long cycles of out and underperformance. The last five years have seen the US lead global markets higher, significantly outperforming.

If international markets are going to outperform the US in the coming years, the chart below indicates that it has barely begun. In our opinion, investors who have not diversified their stock portfolios globally are being presented with an attractive opportunity to switch from the US to International.


After a strong year, are we due a correction? If I have cash, should I invest now or wait?

It has been a good year for many stock investors; the MSCI World Index is up almost 20% over the last twelve months, and the returns have been evenly distributed, with the US a slight laggard. The S&P 500 is about 100 points (4%) above its rising one year moving average, which it last tested just before the election last November. The S&P 500 has more than doubled over the last five years, with its worst period being a 12% decline from May 2015 to February 2016. From a technical perspective, this is a healthy picture and a pullback of 4-5% sometime in the 3rd quarter might present a good entry point in our view. That said, market timing is a precarious business and we strongly believe deploying cash in installments over several months is one way to take the emotion and market timing out of the decision.

Unlike the US, overseas markets, as represented by the MSCI World ex US index, have been range-bound over the last five years having peaked in April 2011 and June 2014. The index is once again approaching the top end of the range. Again, a pullback from current levels would not be surprising, but we believe this advance will make it through to new highs and eventually exceed the 2007 peak over the next few years so we again suggest a process of adding incrementally.

Fear and Greed have always dominated investor emotions, but since the 2008 stock market collapse, fear and caution have been most prevalent in our view. We believe this   is a positive thing. There is an old adage that a bull market climbs a “wall of worry”. Two things would cause us to be strategically concerned:

  1. Excess optimism expressed in excessive valuations, which for Riverfront would mean stocks moving significantly above their long-term trends. This is not currently the case for the majority of stock indexes we follow.
  2. An impending global economic downturn that would cause earnings to fall. We do not foresee this over the next year, rather we see mildly accelerating economic momentum and no increase in inflation expectations.


The chart above shows the Conference Board’s leading, coincident and lagging indicators through May. All are currently rising and stable. The bottom line measures the difference between the coincident and lagging indicators. When the lagging indicator is doing better than the coincident indicator it has traditionally been a warning sign, but the recent gradual decline has been the lagging indicator catching up with the others and so does not concern us. Once the leading indicator has made a new high (it made one in March) it has been six years (on average) before the next recession (recessions shaded in grey on chart).  Past performance is no guarantee of future results.

Conclusion: In our asset allocation portfolios, we remain invested in line with our strategic benchmarks, which prefer stocks to bonds. We lowered portfolio risk slightly in our shorter time-frame models in 2017 to reflect the substantial gains in US stocks, but currently remain constructive on stock markets, especially overseas.

Rod Smyth is the Chief Investment Strategist at RiverFront Investment Group, a participant in the ETF Strategist Channel.

Important Disclosure Information:

Past results are no guarantee of future results and no representation is made that a client will or is likely to achieve positive returns, avoid losses, or experience returns similar to those shown or experienced in the past.

RiverFront’s Price Matters® discipline compares inflation-adjusted current prices relative to their long-term trend to help identify extremes in valuation.

Diversification does not ensure a profit or protect against a loss.

Technical analysis is based on the study of historical price movements and past trend patterns.  There are no assurances that movements or trends can or will be duplicated in the future.

Strategies seeking higher returns generally have a greater allocation to equities.  These strategies also carry higher risks and are subject to a greater degree of market volatility.

Investments in international and emerging markets securities include exposure to risks such as currency fluctuations, foreign taxes and regulations, and the potential for illiquid markets and political instability.

In a rising interest rate environment, the value of fixed-income securities generally declines.

The comments above refer  generally to financial markets and not RiverFront portfolio or client performance.

RiverFront Investment Group, LLC, is an investment adviser registered with the Securities Exchange Commission under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940. The company manages a variety of portfolios utilizing stocks, bonds, and exchange-traded funds (ETFs). RiverFront also serves as sub-advisor to a series of mutual funds and ETFs. Opinions expressed are current as of the date shown and are subject to change. They are not intended as investment recommendations.

These materials include general information and have not been tailored for any specific recipient or recipients.  Accordingly, these materials are not intended to cause RiverFront Investment Group, LLC or an affiliate to become a fiduciary within the meaning of Section 3(21)(A)(ii) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended or Section 4975(e)(3)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.

Index Definitions:

Standard & Poor’s 500 Index (S&P 500) measures the performance of 500 large cap stocks, which together represent about 75% of the total US equities market.

MSCI World Index — is a stock market index of 1,500 stocks of all the developed markets in the world, as defined by MSCI. The index includes securities from 24 countries but excludes stocks from emerging and frontier economies.

MSCI ACWI ex USA Index captures large and mid cap representation across 22 of 23 developed markets (DM) countries (excluding the US) and 23 emerging markets (EM) countries.

It is not possible to invest directly in an index.